Monday, April 30, 2018

Fwd: Mafia ruling deepens Italy's political divides


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Siraj Khan <khansaheb2@aol.com>
Date: Mon, Apr 30, 2018 at 2:38 PM
Subject: Mafia ruling deepens Italy's political divides
To: fmayraj@yahoo.com


The original Mafia was formed by Muslims of Sicily. Sicily was an Islamic emirate from 830 to 1072. In fact, Mafia is an Arabic work, an off shoot of aafia / aafiat  = security / protection.

Siraj
I have never let my schooling interfere with my education - Mark Twain


-----Original Message-----
From: Mayraj Fahim <fmayraj@yahoo.com>
To: Siraj Khan <khansaheb2@aol.com>
Sent: Tue, May 1, 2018 1:23 am
Subject: Mafia collusion ruling deepens Italy's political divides




I have become more curious about Italy, since I read article which revealed has bigger middle class than US, UK, and Canada! It has many notable weaknesses;but somethings boosting it-It's its SMEs!


The deadlock in Italian politics for the past two-and-a-half months shows little sign of loosening after a court ruled that former government officials colluded with Sicily's Mafia in the early 1990s.
A third round of talks for a new government between the Five Star Movement (M5S) and Matteo Salvini's nationalist League, which leads a right-wing coalition that includes Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia party, went nowhere on Friday as M5S leader Luigi Di Maio continues to demand Salvini dump his scandal-dogged partner.
Berlusconi was not involved in the Mafia trial in Palermo, however his close ally Marcello Dell'Utri, fellow Forza Italia founder, was sentenced to 12 years in prison along with other ex-officials and mafia bosses.




Sunday, April 29, 2018

Trumps tweet voice

In hindsight, the phrase's rise is also a good illustration of why Scavino, as the behind-the-scenes cheerleader and relentless documentarian of the Trump movement, deserves significant credit for its success. Perhaps the most profound effect of Scavino's countless iPhone videos and photos is that they served as proof to so-called "shy Trump supporters" that they were not alone — that they were in fact (regardless of what the mainstream media reported) poised to make history. As Jason Miller, the campaign's senior communications adviser, puts it: "You could make the case that without Dan f
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Camarillo appoints Ventura employee as new assistant city manager

Camarillo appoints Ventura employee as new assistant city manager

LINKEDINCOMMENTMORE

Tulson "Tully" Clifford will be Camarillo's next assistant city manager after his appointment by Camarillo City Manager Dave Norman earlier this month.

Ventura's current director of public works, Clifford, 60, will start in Camarillo on May 29 and fill the position occupied by Tom Fox.

Also in Camarillo: Seeing peers struggle with needs, CSUCI students demand state funding

Fox began work as Camarillo's second-in-command in April 2016 after serving as the city's director of public works since 2002. He has worked for Camarillo since 1990.

Norman praised Clifford's expertise and relevant experience in a news release about the appointment.

"We really had a big hole to fill with Tom retiring on June 1, and I am pleased to have found his replacement in Tully Clifford," Norman said. "Tully has the technical experience and leadership skills we are looking for to help the organization complete its biggest projects over the next few years."

Before serving as public works director in Ventura, Clifford was director of the Ventura County Watershed Protection District, overseeing water resources and facilities throughout the region.

During his time at the Watershed Protection District, Clifford worked with Camarillo Mayor Charlotte Craven, who was on the board of the Fox Canyon Groundwater Management Agency.

Prior to Ventura County, Clifford worked as the chief administrative officer for Crowsnest Pass in Canada, the public works director of Solvang and a supervising transportation engineer for the city of Santa Barbara.

Elsewhere in the county:

He holds degrees from the Royal Military College of Canada and a master's degree in civil engineering and business administration from the University of Calgary.

"I am excited to begin working with Mr. Norman to ensure that the City Council's goals and objectives are being met and that the success that is Camarillo continues," Clifford said in a statement.

As assistant city manager, Clifford will be responsible for overseeing the daily operations of the city manager's department, which ranges from city event planning and economic development to providing legislative analysis and animal services. He will also help with key projects led by other departments in the city government.

Clifford will receive a base salary of $228,466 per year as well as health and retirement benefits, according to Kathy Holman, Camarillo human resources analyst.


Friday, April 27, 2018

I would not mistreat aholy father like this! RYAN Fires House Chaplain

POLITICS 
04/27/2018 01:05 pm ET Updated 10 hours ago

Republicans Reject Investigation Into Why Paul Ryan Fired House Chaplain

Patrick Conroy was forced out of his job after praying for no "winners and losers" under the GOP tax law.
This is all very mysterious, Paul Ryan.
AARON BERNSTEIN / REUTERS
This is all very mysterious, Paul Ryan.

WASHINGTON ― A top Democratic congressman on Friday unsuccessfully tried to create a special committee to investigate why House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) abruptly fired the House chaplain last week.

Rep. Joe Crowley (D-N.Y.), chairman of the House Democratic Caucus, introduced a resolution on the House floor calling for a new committee to examine "the motivations and actions" of Ryan when he unexpectedly told House Chaplain Patrick Conroy to resign or be forced out. Conroy has said he was blindsided, and some lawmakers in both parties, particularly Catholics, are furious. Ryan has given no reason.

Crowley's proposal would have created a six-member committee ― three Republicans and three Democrats ― to look at what happened.

But the House voted to reject his proposal, 215 to 171. Reps. Patrick Meehan (R-Pa.) and Tom Reed (R-N.Y.) were the only Republicans who voted with Democrats to create the committee. Three Republicans voted "present": Reps. Tom Rooney, David Joyce and Scott Taylor.

A GOP aide with a sense of the Republican conference told HuffPost that the resolution would have passed if it didn't include the partisan language Democrats put in it. Crowley's resolution twice refers to the Republican tax plan as the "GOP tax scam."

Here's a copy of the resolution:

The speaker's office still won't say why Ryan fired Conroy, who has been the House chaplain since 2011. His last day will be May 24.

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But Rep. Gerry Connolly (D-Va.) told HuffPost on Thursday that he is "informed reliably" by GOP colleagues that Ryan wanted the chaplain gone because he was mad about a prayer that Conroy gave during last fall's debate on the GOP's tax bill.

In his Nov. 6 prayer, Conroy urged Congress not to create "winners and losers" under the Republican tax measure, which, as has been reported, greatly benefits wealthy people over time.

Ryan read that prayer as a "tilt to the Democrats" because it implied criticisms of the tax cuts being more beneficial to the rich,Connolly said Republican lawmakers told him.

"They cite that as evidence as that being more political than he's comfortable with," Connolly said.

The speaker's office denied that Conroy was forced out over a specific prayer, but would not clarify if the chaplain's prayers during the tax debate were related to his termination. The office also would not give HuffPost a reason for Conroy's termination.

"The speaker consulted with the minority leader, but the decision was his," said Ryan spokeswoman AshLee Strong. "He remains grateful for Father Conroy's service."

After Friday's vote, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) said she expressed her "forceful disagreement" with Ryan's decision to push Conroy out.

"It is my hope that we will honor Father Conroy's service by pursuing justice and making clear the true motivations of this unjust action," Pelosi said in a statement. "During Father Conroy's entire service, I've never received a complaint from our Members about him pastoring to the needs of the House."

This story has been updated with a statement from Nancy Pelosi.


letter to city on Green packet Short & bitter sweet?

Andy Fox, All the years I have lived here, you have been "The Boss" of the city. Enjoy your lifetime health care at our expense and contrary to all normal and decent rules, regulations and ordinances. You manipulated the vacant council seat after Masry's death with three years remaining for his seat. You drove a courageous council woman out of office years ago. The list is endless, annoying and despicable. Each new council member either becomes such with your blessing or quickly rolls over and joins your "club". Measure E was passed by the PEOPLE. Your new "interpretation" was quickly joined by your "club members". A revelation! Perhaps litigation is the only way to stop this abuse of power. Al Adams stood in my driveway some years ago and asked for my vote, telling me if elected, he "would always do the right thing". I was somewhat skeptical but hopeful. I should have known better. Fox and friends have a modus operandi that prevails and the people lose each time. This overturning of Measure E must be stopped, if not politically, then by legal process. (Who will pay?) Ronal

Friends don't forget that Al has been a total turn coat Claudia not much better She sold out so they would let her be Mayor She is changing spots as she is up for election
Politics is so bad dead friends

Sunday, April 22, 2018

The Washington Post: Suspicious factory underscores challenge of verifying North Korea’s nuclear promisesmayt


Suspicious factory underscores challenge of verifying North Korea's nuclear promises
The Washington Post

Even as Kim Jong Un pledges to freeze nuclear tests, some weapons programs may advance in secret, experts say. Read the full story


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The Washington Post: In China and India, there are 70 million more men than women. Here are the consequences.


In China and India, there are 70 million more men than women. Here are the consequences.
The Washington Post

Shamed and lonely men go to desperate lengths in circumstances the world has never seen Read the full story


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https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/11/britain-destroyed-palestinian-homeland-161102054348710.html

How Britain Destroyed the Palestinian Homeland | Al Nakba | Al Jazeera

How Britain Destroyed the Palestinian Homeland | Al Nakba | Al Jazeera: "Palestine are still felt after all these years.  

Paltry attempts to pacify Palestinian anger were to no avail, especially after the League of Nations Council in July 1922 approved the terms of the British Mandate over Palestine - which was originally granted to Britain in April 1920 - without consulting the Palestinians at all, who would disappear from the British and international radar, only to reappear as negligible rioters, troublemakers, and obstacles to the joint British-Zionist colonial concoctions.  "



'via Blog this'

Thursday, April 19, 2018

CNN: James Comey's unforgivable error


James Comey's unforgivable error
CNN

In his interview with Jake Tapper, the former FBI Director once again demonstrated an enormous blind spot about his role in the election, writes Ryan Lizza. Read the full story

October, Reid wrote to Comey that "you possess explosive information about close ties and coordination between Donald Trump, his top advisers, and the Russian government." Reid was mocked as a bit of a conspiracy theorist at the time. But we now know he was m

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People: Passenger Next to Woman Sucked Out of Southwest Plane Speaks Out: 'I Wrapped My Arm Around Her'


Passenger Next to Woman Sucked Out of Southwest Plane Speaks Out: 'I Wrapped My Arm Around Her'
People

Just as Hollie Mackey was about to get up from her seat to go to the bathroom during Tuesday morning's Southwest Airlines flight from New York to Dallas, flight attendants asked passengers to stay seated due to continual turbulence. Mackey put her seatbelt back on, shared a glance of disappointment about the bumpy ride ahead with the woman seated at the window to her left and settled back in. Moments later, the unthinkable happened. Mackey, 42, was seated in the aisle seat on the same row as Read the full story


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Here are the redacted copies of the Comey memos.

I was reading this article on Huffington Post, and I thought you might be interested in reading it, too.

Here are the redacted copies of the Comey memos.

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/comey-memos-released_us_5ad93952e4b0e4d0715ecc05?mvw

DOWNLOAD_HUFFPOST


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Wednesday, April 18, 2018

BBC News: Southwest crash: Passengers praise pilot for safe landing

I saw this on the BBC News App and thought you should see it:

Southwest crash: Passengers praise pilot for safe landing
US Navy veteran Tammie Jo Shults is hailed for her "nerves of steel" during a deadly emergency landing.
Disclaimer: The BBC is not responsible for the content of this email, and anything written in this email does not necessarily reflect the BBC's views or opinions. Please note that neither the email address nor name of the sender have been verified.


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Tuesday, April 17, 2018

AP Mobile: Russia clashes again with US and allies over Syria attacks

Russia clashes again with US and allies over Syria attacks

UNITED NATIONS (AP) - Russia has clashed again with the United States and its Western allies over Syria, saying airstrikes on...

Read the full story

Sent from AP Mobile. Download now on the App Store or Google Play

tted by the Assad regime."

"More than ever, we need to focus on ensuring that this council's demands for a cease-fire and for unhindered humanitarian access actually get implemented on the ground," she said. "But that would require



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Uber has lost market share to Lyft during crisis

Check out this article from USA TODAY:

Uber has lost market share to Lyft during crisis

https://usat.ly/2sjL2e7


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Pentagon: Syria Struck From All Sides, No Missiles Intercepted | Citizens Journal



"We're not cooperating with [Russia] in Syria," McKenzie said. "We don't want to get into a fight with them, they don't want to get into a fight with us. But they don't have a veto over what we do in Syria."

Russian President Vladimir Putin condemned the strikes, calling the limited attack an "act of aggression against a sovereign government" and  called for emergency meeting of the U.N. Security Council to discuss the attack.


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NY Post: This is the man Stormy Daniels says threatened her

Ps
Let me know if you see this man!! Nick q
——_____________________——————

I thought you'd be interested in this story:

This is the man Stormy Daniels says threatened her

Michael Avenatti, the lawyer for Stormy Daniels, unveiled a sketch of "the thug" the porn star says threatened her to keep quiet about a sexual affair she alleges with President Trump.

https://nypost.com/2018/04/17/lawyer-to-release-sketch-of-suspect-he-says-threatened-stormy-daniels/?utm_campaign=iosapp&utm_source=mail_app

Sent from the New York Post app. For more from the Post, visit http://nypost.com. To download our apps, visit http://nypost.com/mobile-apps.


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Web site only 1 issue remains

From pc they have fixed all the issues Does not go to Aug 16 but there are bubbles for 2018, 2017 2026 GREAT!
From iPhone going to meetings get 404 message page cannot be found
Thanks for response Mr. Prez
Nick Q 915 am

Sunday, April 15, 2018

BBC News: Sydney bushfire deemed 'highly suspicious' as threat eases

This is what we have in CA especially LA area iqbal




saw this on the BBC News App and thought you should see it:

Sydney bushfire deemed 'highly suspicious' as threat eases
Arson is suspected as the cause of a large blaze that has threatened homes, authorities say.
Disclaimer: The BBC is not responsible for the content of this email, and anything written in this email does not necessarily reflect the BBC's views or opinions. Please note that neither the email address nor name of the sender have been verified.
unseasonably hot and that's a matter of obviously great concern, but we have to deal with the worst that Mother Nature can throw at us and the worse Australians are presented with by nature, the better it brings out the Australian spirit," he

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ny times ISIS File apr 15 18 how they ruled The abuse complete misuse of Islam but streets were clean


Mosul, 2017. Paperwork littered the remains of ISIS' bombed-out Ministry of Agriculture.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

THEISIS FILES

We unearthed thousands of internal documents that help explain how the Islamic State stayed in power so long.

On five trips to battle-scarred Iraq, journalists for The New York Times scoured old Islamic State offices, gathering thousands of files abandoned by the militants as their 'caliphate' crumbled.

  April 4, 2018

MOSUL, Iraq — Weeks after the militants seized the city, as fighters roamed the streets and religious extremists rewrote the laws, an order rang out from the loudspeakers of local mosques.

Public servants, the speakers blared, were to report to their former offices.

To make sure every government worker got the message, the militants followed up with phone calls to supervisors. When one tried to beg off, citing a back injury, he was told: "If you don't show up, we'll come and break your back ourselves."

RUKMINI CALLIMACHI, a New York Times foreign correspondent, has covered ISIS since 2014. She has tracked the group's rise around the world from their encrypted, online chatrooms to on-the-ground reporting on four continents. Her new audio series, Caliphate, launches later this month.

The phone call reached Muhammad Nasser Hamoud, a 19-year veteran of the Iraqi Directorate of Agriculture, behind the locked gate of his home, where he was hiding with his family. Terrified but unsure what else to do, he and his colleagues trudged back to their six-story office complex decorated with posters of seed hybrids.

They arrived to find chairs lined up in neat rows, as if for a lecture.

The commander who strode in sat facing the room, his leg splayed out so that everyone could see the pistol holstered to his thigh. For a moment, the only sounds were the hurried prayers of the civil servants mumbling under their breath.

Their fears proved unfounded. Though he spoke in a menacing tone, the commander had a surprisingly tame request: Resume your jobs immediately, he told them. A sign-in sheet would be placed at the entrance to each department. Those who failed to show up would be punished.

Muhammad Nasser Hamoud worked at the agriculture ministry under ISIS. He was instructed to list properties owned by non-Sunnis and sieze them for redistribution.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

Meetings like this one occurred throughout the territory controlled by the Islamic State in 2014. Soon municipal employees were back fixing potholes, painting crosswalks, repairing power lines and overseeing payroll.

"We had no choice but to go back to work," said Mr. Hamoud. "We did the same job as before. Except we were now serving a terrorist group."

The disheveled fighters who burst out of the desert more than three years ago founded a state that was acknowledged by no one except themselves. And yet for nearly three years, the Islamic State controlled a stretch of land that at one point was the size of Britain, with a population estimated at 12 million people. At its peak, it included a 100-mile coastline in Libya, a section of Nigeria's lawless forests and a city in the Philippines, as well as colonies in at least 13 other countries. By far the largest city under their rule was Mosul.

How Far ISIS Spread Across Iraq and
Syria and Where It's Still Holding On

Since declaring a caliphate in 2014, the Islamic State has controlled large swaths of territory in Iraq and Syria. But after the group retreated from Mosul and Raqqa in 2017, it lost nearly all of its territory.

Persistent control

Short-lived

Current control

Populated areas

ISIS Control Key

TURKEY

TURKEY

Aleppo

Mosul

Raqqa

SYRIA

SYRIA

IRAQ

IRAQ

LEBANON

LEBANON

IRAN

IRAN

Damascus

Damascus

Baghdad

Baghdad

JORDAN

JORDAN

Sources: Conflict Monitor by IHS Markit (control areas); WorldPop (populated areas) 
Note: Areas of control based on IHS reports from Sept. 21, 2015, to March 26, 2018.

Nearly all of that territory has now been lost, but what the militants left behind helps answer the troubling question of their longevity: How did a group whose spectacles of violence galvanized the world against it hold onto so much land for so long?

Part of the answer can be found in more than 15,000 pages of internal Islamic State documents I recovered during five trips to Iraq over more than a year.

The documents were pulled from the drawers of the desks behind which the militants once sat, from the shelves of their police stations, from the floors of their courts, from the lockers of their training camps and from the homes of their emirs, including this record detailing the jailing of a 14-year-old boy for goofing around during prayer.

B

A

D

C

This arrest record was for one of three boys who were A accused of fooling around during prayer.

 

The ticket book was recovered in early 2017 north of Mosul in the town of Tel Kaif, in a house that ISIS had turned into a police station.

 

B Ibrahim Muhammad Khalil, who was 14, was arrested at 3 p.m. on Dec. 21, 2015, by an ISIS police officer who booked him on charges of "laughing during prayer."

C "You are requested to transport the prisoner described above to … the Ministry of the Hisba, Nineveh Province, Tel Kaif Sector … as soon as possible, and hand over the prisoner and all the reports, observations and documents related to him as well as his belongings and personal possessions."

 

Reason for arrest: D "The propagation of virtue and prevention of vice."

 

 

 

 

The New York Times worked with outside experts to verify their authenticity, and a team of journalists spent 15 months translating and analyzing them page by page.

Individually, each piece of paper documents a single, routine interaction: A land transfer between neighbors. The sale of a ton of wheat. A fine for improper dress.

But taken together, the documents in the trove reveal the inner workings of a complex system of government. They show that the group, if only for a finite amount of time, realized its dream: to establish its own state, a theocracy they considered a caliphate, run according to their strict interpretation of Islam.

The world knows the Islamic State for its brutality, but the militants did not rule by the sword alone. They wielded power through two complementary tools: brutality and bureaucracy.

ISIS built a state of administrative efficiency that collected taxes and picked up the garbage. It ran a marriage office that oversaw medical examinations to ensure that couples could have children. It issued birth certificates — printed on Islamic State stationery — to babies born under the caliphate's black flag. It even ran its own D.M.V.

The documents and interviews with dozens of people who lived under their rule show that the group at times offered better services and proved itself more capable than the government it had replaced.

They also suggest that the militants learned from mistakes the United States made in 2003 after it invaded Iraq, including the decision to purge members of Saddam Hussein's ruling party from their positions and bar them from future employment. That decreesucceeded in erasing the Baathist state, but also gutted the country's civil institutions, creating the power vacuum that groups like ISIS rushed to fill.

Islamic State fighters swept through the desert after seizing Mosul.via Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
ISIS supporters in Mosul in 2014. Associated Press

A little more than a decade later, after seizing huge tracts of Iraq and Syria, the militants tried a different tactic. They built their state on the back of the one that existed before, absorbing the administrative know-how of its hundreds of government cadres. An examination of how the group governed reveals a pattern of collaboration between the militants and the civilians under their yoke.

One of the keys to their success was their diversified revenue stream. The group drew its income from so many strands of the economy that airstrikes alone were not enough to cripple it.

Ledgers, receipt books and monthly budgets describe how the militants monetized every inch of territory they conquered, taxing every bushel of wheat, every liter of sheep's milk and every watermelon sold at markets they controlled. From agriculture alone, they reaped hundreds of millions of dollars. Contrary to popular perception, the group was self-financed, not dependent on external donors.

More surprisingly, the documents provide further evidence that the tax revenue the Islamic State earned far outstripped income from oil sales. It was daily commerce and agriculture — not petroleum — that powered the economy of the caliphate.

The United States-led coalition, trying to eject the Islamic State from the region, tried in vain to strangle the group by bombing its oil installations. It's much harder to bomb a barley field. It was not until last summer that the militants abandoned Mosul, after a battle so intense that it was compared to the worst combat of World War II.

While the militants' state eventually crumbled, its blueprint remains for others to use.

"We dismiss the Islamic State as savage. It is savage. We dismiss it as barbaric. It is barbaric. But at the same time these people realized the need to maintain institutions," said Fawaz A. Gerges, author of "ISIS: A History."

"The Islamic State's capacity to govern is really as dangerous as their combatants," he said.

Farmers who returned to their land after the militants were driven out often found their equipment damaged. Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

Land for the Taking

The day after the meeting, Mr. Hamoud, a Sunni, returned to work and found that his department was now staffed 100 percent by Sunnis, the sect of Islam practiced by the militants. The Shia and Christian colleagues who previously shared his office had all fled.

For a while, Mr. Hamoud and the employees he supervised at the agriculture department went on much as they had before. Even the stationery they used was the same, though they were instructed to use a marker to cover up the Iraqi government's logo.

SHARING THE RECORDS The New York Times is working to make the trove of ISIS documents publicly available to researchers, scholars, Iraqi officials and anyone else looking to better understand the Islamic State.

But the long-bearded men who now oversaw Mr. Hamoud's department had come with a plan, and they slowly began to enact it.

For generations, jihadists had dreamed of establishing a caliphate. Osama bin Laden frequently spoke of it and his affiliates experimented with governing in the dunes of Mali, in the badlands of Yemen and in pockets of Iraq. Their goal was to recreate the society that existed over a millennium ago during the time of the Prophet Muhammad.

In Mosul, what had been called the Directorate of Agriculture was renamed Diwan al-Zera'a, which can be translated as the Ministry of Agriculture. The term "diwan" harks back to the seventh-century rule of one of the earliest caliphs.

ISIS printed new letterhead that showed it had branded at least 14 administrative offices with "diwan," renaming familiar ones like education and health. Then it opened diwans for things that people had not heard of: something called the hisba, which they soon learned was the feared morality police; another diwan for the pillaging of antiquities; yet another dedicated to "war spoils."

What began as a cosmetic change in Mr. Hamoud's office soon turned into a wholesale transformation.

The militants sent female employees home for good and closed the day care center. They shuttered the office's legal department, saying disputes would now be handled according to God's law alone.

And they did away with one of the department's daily duties — checking an apparatus, placed outside, to measure precipitation. Rain, they said, was a gift from Allah — and who were they to measure his gift?

Employees were also told they could no longer shave, and they had to make sure the leg of their trousers did not reach the ankle.

Glossy pamphlets, like the one below, pinpointed the spot on the calf where the hem of the garb worn by the companions of the Prophet around 1,400 years ago was said to have reached.

A

B

"The Sanctity of Men's Garments" told men how to dress to follow the path laid by Prophet Muhammad. Recovered in early 2017 in Al-Araji village by a Times employee traveling with Iraqi troops. It was also published online.

 

A "What Muslims are plagued with nowadays is that men wear their clothes long and women wear their clothes short!"

 

B The picture pinpoints the spot on the calf where the hem should reach, citing an admonition from the Prophet to a follower whose garb was too long.

Eventually, the 57-year-old Hamoud, who wears his hair in a comb-over and prides himself on his professional appearance, stopped buying razors. He took out the slacks he wore to work and asked his wife to trim off 5 centimeters.

But the biggest change came five months into the group's rule, and it turned the hundreds of employees who had reluctantly returned to work into direct accomplices of the Islamic State. The change involved the very department Mr. Hamoud headed, which was responsible for renting government-owned land to farmers.

To increase revenue, the militants ordered the agriculture department to speed up the process for renting land, streamlining a weekslong application into something that could be accomplished in an afternoon.

That was just the beginning.

It was then that government workers got word that they should begin renting out property that had never belonged to the government. The instructions were laid out in a 27-page manualemblazoned with the phrase "The Caliphate on the Path of Prophecy." The handbook outlined the group's plans for seizing property from the religious groups it had expelled and using it as the seed capital of the caliphate.

"Confiscation," the manual says, will be applied to the property of every single "Shia, apostate, Christian, Nusayri and Yazidi based on a lawful order issued directly by the Ministry of the Judiciary."

Islamic State members are exclusively Sunni and see themselves as the only true believers. Mr. Hamoud's office was instructed to make a comprehensive list of the properties owned by non-Sunnis — and to seize them for redistribution.

A home seized from a Christian family in Mosul. "Real estate of the Islamic State," the writing says. European Pressphoto Agency
The Islamic State flag at a government building in Mosul.Mohammed al-Mosuli/European Pressphoto Agency

The confiscation didn't stop at the land and homes of the families they chased out. An entire ministry was set up to collect and reallocate beds, tables, bookshelves — even the forks the militants took from the houses they seized. They called it the Ministry of War Spoils.

It was housed in a stone-faced building in western Mosul that was hit by an airstrike in the battle to retake the city. The ensuing fire consumed the structure and blackened its walls. But the charred shapes left behind still told a story. Each room served as a warehouse for ordinary household objects: kerosene heaters in one; cooking ranges in another; a jumble of air coolers and water tanks in yet another.

The few papers that did not burn up showed how objects seized from the religious groups they had chased out were offered as rewards to ISIS fighters.

"Please kindly approve the request of the family of the late Brother Durayd Salih Khalaf," says one letter written on the letterhead of the Islamic State's Prisoners and Martyrs Affairs Authority. The request was for a stove and a washing machine. A note scribbled at the bottom says: "To be provided with a plasma TV and stove only."

Another application from the General Telecommunications Authority requested, among other things, clothes hangers.

In January 2017, A the ISIS telecom department submitted a request form to the terrorist group's agency in charge of handing out War Spoils. It received 16 household items.

 

This document was recovered in a bombed-out building in western Mosul that had served as the headquarters of the Ministry of War Spoils.

A spreadsheet lists the items the telecom department was seeking, including B eight plastic chairs,five curtains and one clothes hanger.

 

C Each department had its own stamp, listing the name of the division and sometimes the name of the official in charge.

A

B

C

The Islamic State's promise of taking care of its own, including free housing for foreign recruits, was one of the draws of the caliphate.

"I'm in Mosul and it's really the top here," Kahina el-Hadra, a young Frenchwoman who joined the group in 2015, wrote in an email that year to her secondary school teacher, according to a transcript contained in a report by the Paris Criminal Brigade, which was obtained by The Times.

"I have an apartment that is fully furnished," Ms. Hadra gushed. "I pay no rent nor even electricity or water lol. It's the good life!!! I didn't buy so much as a single fork."

When her concerned teacher wrote back that the apartment had probably been stolen from another family, she shot back: "Serves them right, dirty Shia!!!"

Ms. Hadra, according to police records, was the pregnant wife of one of the suicide bombers who blew himself up in the packed Bataclan concert hall during the Paris attacks of 2015.

An ISIS flag hung above a bed in a house once used by militants in Mosul.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

The Paper Trail

I got into the habit of digging through the trash left behind by terrorists in 2013, when I was reporting on Al Qaeda in Mali. Locals pointed out buildings the group had occupied in the deserts of Timbuktu. Beneath overturned furniture and in abandoned filing cabinets, I found letters the militants had hand-carried across the dunes that spelled out their vision of jihad.

Those documents revealed the inner workings of Al Qaeda, and years later I wanted to investigate the Islamic State in the same way.

When the coalition forces moved to take Mosul back from the militants in late 2016, I rushed to Iraq. For three weeks, I tried — and failed — to find any documents. Day after day, my team negotiated access to buildings painted with the Islamic State logo, only to find desk drawers jutting out and hard drives ripped out.

Then, the day before my return flight, we met a man who remembered seeing stacks of paper inside the provincial headquarters of the Islamic State's Ministry of Agriculture in a small village called Omar Khan, 25 miles southeast of the city. The next day we traveled to the town, no more than a speck on the map of the Nineveh Plains, and entered House No. 47.

My heart sank as we pushed open the door and saw the closets flung open — a clear sign that the place had already been cleared.

But on the way out, I stopped at what seemed to be an outhouse. When we opened the door, we saw piles of yellow folders cinched together with twine and stacked on the floor.

We pulled one out, laid it open in the sun — and there was the unmistakable black banner of the Islamic State, the flag they claimwas flown by the Prophet himself.

Folder after folder, 273 in all, identified plots of land owned by farmers who belonged to one of the faiths banned by the group. Each yellow sleeve contained the handwritten request of a Sunni applying to confiscate the property.

B

A

A

C

This is one of 273 leases for land ISIS stole from members of religious groups it chased out. A This five-acre plot was rented to Ghanim Khalaf Ahmed for 100,000 dinars — roughly $83.

 

The leases were found by Times reporters in the village of Omar Khan in northern Iraq in December 2016.

A look at the fine print shows that the landowners this property was taken from were Shia. B Next to their names is their "status": Rafidhis, a derogatory term for the Shia.

 

C A tenant may not sublet the property; he must keep the property clean and in good condition; the property can only be modified after the approval of the Ministry of Agriculture.

 

Doing so involved a step-by-step process, beginning with a report by a surveyor, who mapped the plot, noted important topographical features and researched the property's ownership. Once it was determined that the land was owned by one of the targeted groups, it was classified as property of the Islamic State. Then a contract was drawn up spelling out that the tenant could neither sublet the land nor modify it without the group's permission.

The outhouse discovery taught me to stay off the beaten track. I learned to read the landscape for clues, starting with باقية — "baqiya" — the first word of the Islamic State slogan. It can be translated as "will remain," and marked the buildings the group occupied, invoking its claim that the Islamic State will endure.

Once we confirmed that a building had been occupied by the group, we lifted up the mattresses and pulled back the headboards of beds. We rifled through the closets, opened kitchen cupboards, followed the stairs to the roof and scanned the grounds.

The danger of land mines and booby-traps hung over our team. In one villa, we found a collection of records — but could search only one set of rooms after security forces discovered an unexploded bomb.

Because the buildings were near the front lines, Iraqi security forces nearly always accompanied our team. They led the way and gave permission to take the documents. In time, the troops escorting us became our sources and they, in turn, shared what they found, augmenting our cache by hundreds of records.

An Iraqi checkpoint in Mosul after ISIS was defeated. Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

The Times asked six analysts to examine portions of the trove, including Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi, who maintains his own archive of Islamic State documents and has written a primer on how to identify fraudulent ones; Mara Revkin, a Yale scholar who has made repeated trips to Mosul to study the group's administration; and a team of analysts at West Point's Combating Terrorism Center who analyzed the records found in Bin Laden's hide-out in Pakistan.

They deemed the records to be original, based on the markings, logos and stamps, as well as the names of government offices. The terminology and design were consistent with those found on documents issued by the group in other parts of the caliphate, including as far afield as Libya.

As lease after lease was translated back in New York, the same signature inked at the bottom of numerous contracts kept reappearing: "Chief Technical Supervisor, Mahmoud Ismael Salim, Supervisor of Land."

On my first trip back to Iraq, I showed the leases to a local police officer. He recognized the angular signature and offered to escort me to the home of the ISIS bureaucrat.

The officer shrugged when asked why a man who had taken part in the group's organized land theft had not been arrested. His men were overwhelmed investigating those who had fought and killed on behalf of the terrorist group, he said. They didn't have time to also go after the hundreds of civil servants who had worked in the Islamic State's administration.

Hours later, the man whose signature appeared on the lease for farmland seized from a Christian priest, on the contract for the orchards taken from a monastery, and on the deed for land stolen from a Shia family allowed us into his modest home.

The only decoration in his living room was a broken clock whose hand trembled between 10:43 and 10:44.

A stooped man with thick glasses, the 63-year-old Salim was visibly nervous. He explained that he had spent years overseeing the provincial office of the government of Iraq's Directorate of Agriculture, where he reported to Mr. Hamoud, whom we contacted for the first time a few days later.

Mahmoud Ismael Salim, an agronomist, said the militants forced him to work for them.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

Mr. Salim acknowledged that it was his signature on the leases. But speaking haltingly, he claimed to have been forcibly conscripted into the bureaucracy of the terrorist state.

"They took our files and started going through them, searching which of the properties belong to Shia, which of them belong to apostates, which of them are people who had left the caliphate," he said.

He described informants phoning in the addresses of Shias and Christians.

Sunnis who were too poor to pay the rent upfront were offered a sharecropping agreement with the Islamic State, allowing them to take possession of the stolen land in return for one-third of the future harvest.

On busy days, a line snaked around his office building, made up of Sunni farmers, many of them resentful of their treatment at the hands of a Shia-led Iraqi government. In the same compound where we found the stacks of yellow folders, Mr. Salim received men he knew, whose children had played with his. They came to steal the land of other men they all knew — whose children had also grown up alongside theirs.

With the stroke of his pen, farmers lost their ancestors' cropland, their sons were robbed of their inheritance and the wealth of entire families, built up over generations, was wiped out.

"These are relationships we built over decades, from the time of my father, and my father's father," Mr. Salim said, pleading for understanding. "These were my brothers, but we were forced to do it."

Iraqi workers replacing wires and poles in the town of Tel Kaif after ISIS was driven out.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

A Clean Sweep

As 2014 blurred into 2015 and Mr. Hamoud and his colleagues helped keep the machinery of government running, Islamic State soldiers set out to remake every aspect of life in the city — starting with the role of women.

Billboards went up showing an image of a woman fully veiled. The militants commandeered a textile factory, which began manufacturing bales of regulation-length female clothing. Soon thousands of niqab sets were delivered to the market, and women who didn't cover up began to be fined.

Mr. Hamoud, who is known as "Abu Sara," or Father of Sara, gave in and bought a niqab for his daughter.

As he walked to and from work, Mr. Hamoud began taking side streets to dodge the frequent executions that were being carried out in traffic circles and public squares. In one, a teenage girl accused of adultery was dragged out of a minivan and forced to her knees. Then a stone slab was dropped onto her head. On a bridge, the bodies of people accused of being spies swung from the railing.

But on the same thoroughfares, Mr. Hamoud noticed something that filled him with shame: The streets were visibly cleaner than they had been when the Iraqi government was in charge.

Omar Bilal Younes, a 42-year-old truck driver whose occupation allowed him to crisscross the caliphate, noticed the same improvement. "Garbage collection was No. 1 under ISIS," he said, flashing a thumbs-up sign.

The street sweepers hadn't changed. What had was that the militants imposed a discipline that had been lacking, said a half-dozen sanitation employees who worked under ISIS and who were interviewed in three towns after the group was forced out.

"The only thing I could do during the time of government rule is to give a worker a one-day suspension without pay," said Salim Ali Sultan, who oversaw garbage collection both for the Iraqi government and later for the Islamic State in the northern Iraqi town of Tel Kaif. "Under ISIS, they could be imprisoned."

Street cleaners after the Iraqi government regained control of Tel Kaif.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

Residents also said that their taps were less likely to run dry, the sewers less likely to overflow and potholes fixed more quickly under the militants, even though there were now near-daily airstrikes.

Then one day, residents of Mosul saw earthmovers heading toward a neighborhood called the Industrial Area in the eastern half of the city. Laborers were seen paving a new blacktop road that would eventually run for roughly one mile, connecting two areas of the city and reducing congestion.

The new highway was called "Caliphate Way."

The new government did not concern itself only with administrative matters. For morality, as for everything else, there was a bureaucracy.

Citizens stopped in the street by the hisba, the morality police, and accused of an offense were ordered to hand over their IDs in return for a "confiscation receipt." The ID was taken to the group's office, where residents were forced to appear and face judgment. Religious specialists weighed the crime, filling out a form.

Afterward, the offender was made to sign another form: "I, the undersigned, pledge not to cut or trim my beard again," said one. "If I do that again, I will be subject to all kinds of punishments that the Hisba Center may take against me."

The zeal with which the Islamic State policed the population is reflected in the 87 prison transfer records they abandoned in one of their police stations. Citizens were thrown into jail for a litany of obscure crimes, including eyebrow plucking, inappropriate haircuts, raising pigeons, playing dominoes, playing cards, playing music and smoking the hookah.

The Freedom Cafe in Mosul, not long after it opened in 2017. Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

In early 2016, Mr. Hamoud's daughter Sara ran out for a quick errand without covering her eyes.

She was spotted by an officer from the morality police. Before she could explain, he smashed his fist into her eye.

From then on, her father forbade her to leave the house, except to drive to the hospital for the appointments that followed the assault, which left her with vision loss, the family said.

With change sweeping the region, residents were forced to make fraught choices, among them: Stay or leave, rebel or accommodate.

Mr. Hamoud decided to try to escape. He and his eldest son, 28-year-old Omar, had set aside over $30,000 to buy a new home. The morning of their planned departure, Omar withdrew all but around $1,000 from the bank account.

Not even two hours later, a unit of masked fighters banged down the family's front door. One of them was holding the bank slip Omar had signed.

"Try this again and we'll kill every last one of you," the militants warned.

The west side of Mosul was largely reduced to rubble during the battle for the city.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

The Money Machine

On the western banks of the Tigris River, in a pulverized building, I found an abandoned briefcase.

The documents that spilled out revealed that the briefcase belonged to Yasir Issa Hassan, a young professional whose photo identification shows a balding man with a large, aquiline nose. He was the administrator of the Trade Division inside the Islamic State Ministry of Agriculture.

The group's outsize ambitions and its robust bureaucracy hinged on its ability to generate funds. Bulging with accounting forms, budget projections and receipts, as well as two CD-ROMs containing spreadsheets, the briefcase shed light on the scope of the organization's revenue machine and offered a blueprint for how it worked.

The financial reports tallied over $19 million in transactions involving agriculture alone.

The documents describe how it made money at every step in the supply chain: Before a single seed of grain, for example, was sown, the group collected rent for the fields it had confiscated. Then, when the crops were ready to be threshed, it collected a harvest tax.

It did not stop there.

The trucks that transported the grain paid highway tolls. The grain was stored in silos, which the militants controlled, and they made money when the grain was sold to mills, which they also controlled. The mills ground the grain into flour, which the group sold to traders.

Then the bags of flour were loaded onto trucks, which traversed the caliphate, paying more tolls. It was sold to supermarkets and shops, which were also taxed. So were the consumers who bought the finished product.

In a single 24-hour period in 2015, one of the spreadsheets in the briefcase shows, the Islamic State collected $1.9 million from the sale of barley and wheat.

Another table shows that the militants earned over $3 million in three months from gross flour sales in just three locations in Mosul.

The organization appeared intent on making money off every last grain — even crops that were damaged.

On just one day, according to another statement, it took in over $14,000 from wheat described as having been scorched in a bombing, and $2,300 from the sale of spoiled lentils and chickpeas. It also took in over $23,000 from grain that had been scraped off the bottom of a tank, according to one spreadsheet.

The Islamic State's tax arm reached into every facet of life in Mosul. Households in Iraq were taxed 2,000 dinars per month (less than $2) for garbage collection, 10,000 dinars (about $8) for each 10 amperes of electricity, and another 10,000 for municipal water.

Businesses wishing to install a landline paid a 15,000-dinar (about $12) installation fee to the group's telecommunications office, followed by a 5,000-dinar monthly maintenance fee.

Municipal offices charged for marriage licenses and birth certificates.

C

B

A

This birth certificate is for a girl named Shehed. A She weighed 4 kilograms when she was born on Aug. 26, 2016, in an administrative area created by ISIS called Al-Jazeera province.

 

The paper was recovered by Times journalists in Tal Abta, a village in northern Iraq, in July 2017 in a building used by ISIS fighters.

Shehed was born at home to B Wadha Mansour Ubaid, 20, and Mahmud Muhammad Mousa, a 35-year-old laborer. There was no doctor, nurse or certified midwife at the birth.

 

ISIS issued numbered birth certificates on stationery that read, C "The Islamic State, Ministry of Health" to children born under their black flag.

 

But perhaps the most lucrative tax was a religious tax known as zakat, which is considered one of the five pillars of Islam. It is calculated at 2.5 percent of an individual's assets, and up to 10 percent for agricultural production, according to Ms. Revkin, the Yale researcher. While some of these fees had been charged by the Iraqi and Syrian governments, the mandatory asset tax was a new development.

Ordinarily in Islamic practice, the zakat is a tithe used to help the poor. In the Islamic State's interpretation, an act of charity became a mandatory payment, and while some of the funds collected were used to help needy families, the Ministry of Zakat and Charities acted more like a version of the Internal Revenue Service.

Most accounts of how the Islamic State became the richest terrorist group in the world focus on its black-market oil sales, which at one point brought in as much as $2 million per week, according to some estimates. Yet records recovered in Syria by Mr. Tamimi and analyzed by Ms. Revkin show that the ratio of money earned from taxes versus oil stood at 6:1.

Despite hundreds of airstrikes that left the caliphate pocked with craters, the group's economy continued to function, fed by streams of revenue that could not be bombed under international norms: the civilians under their rule, their commercial activity and the dirt under their feet.

According to estimates from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the land that the militants seized was Iraq's most fertile, and at the group's height, the fields that were harvested accounted for 40 percent of the country's annual wheat production and more than half of its barley crop. In Syria, the group at one point controlled as much as 80 percent of the country's cotton crop, according to a study by the Paris-based Center for the Analysis of Terrorism.

Harvesting tomatoes on land recently liberated from the Islamic State.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times
Retreating ISIS fighters set oil fields on fire. Tyler Hicks/The New York Times

It all added up to astonishing sums, as much as $800 million in annual tax revenue, according to the study.

Still, the group's ambition of running a state meant it also had large bills.

On a single day in the summer of 2016, the owner of the briefcase handed over $150,000 to one of the group's accountants to pay for the transport of wheat from one town to another, according to one financial report.

In a two-week period the same year, he paid over $16,000 to the Islamic State trade division in the Dijlah district and $14,000 to the one in Kirkuk. He gave an $8,400 cash advance to the group's Hawija office, $16,800 to the land department and $8,400 to the Islamic State province straddling the Euphrates River.

Tax collection continued until the very end. At least 100 documents labeled "Daily Gross Revenue" that showed incoming cash were dated November 2016, a month after the start of the coalition's push to take back the city.

Even as tanks were rolling in and taking surrounding neighborhoods, the trade division continued to make money, pocketing $70,000 in a single sale.

Volunteers collected bodies in the district where the militants made their last stand.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

After ISIS

One day in late 2016, a flier decorated with the Iraqi flag floated down onto the Hamoud family's home.

The agricultural department official and his extended family were hunkered down inside the living room, sitting elbow-to-elbow on an L-shaped couch, he recalls. By then, the militants had banned both cellphones and satellite dishes. They were cut off from the world.

The flier was one of millions dropped over Mosul warning the population to take cover. The military assault was about to begin.

"Could this really be happening?" Mr. Hamoud wondered. Then he used a lighter to incinerate the flier.

The fighters whose plans of building a state had been met with ridicule proved surprisingly good at it. It took nine months to wrest Mosul from the militants' grip, a slog that one senior American general said was the most difficult battle he had witnessed in 35 years.

Since then, the militants have lost all but 3 percent of the territory in Iraq and Syria they once held. But they clung so tightly to their caliphate that block after city block was leveled during the battle to take back cities and towns. Thousands of people have lost their homes. New mass graves are being discovered every month. One of them contains the remains of four of Mr. Hamoud's cousins.

With the power supply improved, the Tel Kaif market stayed open later.Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

His daughter Sara now wears thick glasses to correct her vision, which has been blurry since the day she was punched by the hisba. Even through her compromised eyesight, she can see the mountain of trash rising in the empty lot across from her family's home.

Few have anything good to say about their old rulers — unless prodded to talk about the services they provided.

"We have to be honest," Mr. Hamoud said. "It was much cleaner under ISIS."

Though the militants are gone, reminders of the Islamic State and their particular style of governance remain.

In the northern town of Tel Kaif, for example, residents recall how the militants conscripted a committee of electrical engineers to fix an overloaded power grid. They installed new circuit breakers, and for the first time, residents who had been accustomed to at most six hours of electricity a day could now reliably turn on lights.

In early 2017, Iraqi soldiers reclaimed the town, and were welcomed as heroes. But then they disconnected the Islamic State circuit breakers — and the power failures resumed.

"If the government was to go back to the system that ISIS put in place, we would go so far as to kiss their foreheads," Mr. Younes, the truck driver, said at the time.

Within a few months, the government did just that.

The irony that it had taken a terrorist group to fix one of the town's longstanding grievances was not lost on its citizens.

"Although they were not recognized as a state or a country," said one shopkeeper, Ahmed Ramzi Salim, "they acted like one."